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Neutrosophic Evolution as extension of Darwin’s Evolution: The Cave Case. Text and pics

By Smarandache, Florentin

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Book Id: WPLBN0100303191
Format Type: PDF (eBook)
File Size: 24.91 MB.
Reproduction Date: 10/1/2020

Title: Neutrosophic Evolution as extension of Darwin’s Evolution: The Cave Case. Text and pics  
Author: Smarandache, Florentin
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Geography, Anthropology, Recreation
Collections: Adventure, Authors Community
Publication Date:
Publisher: Kalendarium


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Smarandache, F. (2020). Neutrosophic Evolution as extension of Darwin’s Evolution: The Cave Case. Text and pics. Retrieved from

This photoalbum presents images from the caves the author visited in the Southwestern United States, and wants to popularize the theory of neutrosophic evolution (degrees of evolution, indeterminacy, and involution), offering new evidences in favor of it, extracted from biospeleology.

During the process of adaptation of a being (plant, animal, or human), to a new environment or conditions, the being partially evolves, partially devolves (degenerates), and partially is indeterminate i.e. neither evolving nor devolving, therefore unchanged (neutral), or the change is unclear, ambiguous, vague, as in neutrosophic logic. Thank to adaptation, one therefore has: evolution, involution, and indeterminacy (or neutrality), each one of these three neutrosophic components in some degree. The degrees of evolution / indeterminacy / involution are referred to both: the structure of the being (its body parts), and functionality of the being (functionality of each part, or inter-functionality of the parts among each other, or functionality of the being as a whole). We therefore introduced for the first time the Neutrosophic Theory of Evolution, Involution, and Indeterminacy (or Neutrality).


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